Available on the Auckland Council website at: www.aucklandcouncil.govt.nz/wasteplan
The council will monitor and report on progress towards meeting the strategic objectives and targets of the waste management and minimisation plan (WMMP). This information is essential for evaluating how services are performing and for establishing baseline data to assist future planning.
A framework for monitoring and reporting is outlined in this section. Key areas that require monitoring include: waste reduction, level of service, and compliance with legislative requirements and regulations.
Auckland Council will establish a grants scheme to support community waste minimisation initiatives (Section C, Section 3.1.10). Following is a brief proposed framework outlining the purpose of the scheme and how the grants may be delivered and monitored. Detailed guidelines will be developed.
The purpose of the grants scheme is in accordance with Section 47 of the Waste Minimisation Act 2008:
- promote or achieve waste management and minimisation
- reduce waste to landfill, in accordance with the objectives of this plan
- foster new ideas and encourage community participation in reducing waste to landfill.
The scheme will be open to community groups, local businesses, marae, schools and other community-based organisations operating within Auckland.
Successful grant applications must:
- support the strategic objectives and targets of this plan
- lead to measurable waste reduction outcomes.
Funding priorities, aimed at addressing specific parts of the waste stream (e.g. green waste) or certain issues (e.g. illegal dumping) may be developed and reviewed on an annual basis to focus a proportion of funds on areas that require innovation and/or attention.
Grants may be used to support a wide range of initiatives from education programmes to building resource recovery infrastructure, with a focus on seed funding for new initiatives.
The size and number of grants will be determined once funding priorities are set.
Monitoring and reporting requirements
Successful applicants will be required to submit reports on the completion of their projects – or according to an agreed timeframe if the project is long term. Auckland Council will report on the number, size, recipients and outcomes of grants in its annual plan, on the council’s website and in council publications.
1 Kerbside organic waste collection options
There are a number of options to reduce the 50 per cent by weight of domestic refuse collections that is organic matter going to landfill. Worldwide, organic diversion systems are generally offered in two basic ways:
- separate green waste and food waste collections
- combined green and food waste.
Each city that has an organic collection operates under a different regulatory environment with different incentives and public/private sector involvement so no system is exactly the same. For example, Toronto has separate food waste and green waste collections84; and Vancouver85 and Adelaide86 are introducing food waste into existing green waste collections.
In Britain – although both separate and combined collections operate – in recent years separate food waste collections systems have become more popular, as higher value, beneficial end-products are developed. In addition, if green waste is needed in the mix, the amount can be more easily controlled.
There are currently no food-waste-only collections operating in New Zealand. However, a large-scale trial of a food-waste-only collection is currently being conducted in Putaruru where, for a one-year period, 2200 households are testing a 23-litre, manually collected, roadside container with a lock-down lid, a 7-litre kitchen caddy, and a supply of biodegradable bags.
Combined food waste and green waste collections are provided by Timaru District Council87 (which provides a 240-litre wheelie bin collected fortnightly), and by Christchurch City Council88 (which provides an 80-litre wheelie bin collected weekly).
Auckland Council has undertaken extensive research into the options for organic waste collection and processing, which can be found in Appendix C of the Auckland Council Waste Assessment (included as Appendix 1).
For Auckland the choices are summarised in the next table bearing in mind the following key drivers for the council:
- reducing waste to landfill (and aiming for Zero Waste)
- convenience and ease of use for residents
- beneficial end products and end uses(and potential revenue)
- health and safety (for contractors)
- impact on the private green waste sector.
2 Inorganic waste collection option
Currently Auckland has a mix of kerbside inorganic collections – operated annually or biennially, from the kerbside, or from within residents’ properties – and in some areas there is no collection.
Around the world the way cities deal with inorganic waste or bulky items varies widely. Annual kerbside inorganic collections like those that feature in parts
of Auckland are not the norm internationally, or in other large cities in New Zealand.
Some of the more advanced cities in terms of waste minimisation operate resource recovery centres – often run by the community sector. Residents can drop off unwanted items at these facilities for reuse or recycling. Or else bulky goods collected in such a way that discarded items stay undamaged and can be reused.
This plan envisages the development, over time, of a network of local resource recovery centres that could divert more reusable and recyclable items and provide economic opportunities for the community sector, iwi/Māori organisations and business, as well as providing environmental, social and cultural benefits.
Many Aucklanders have, however, become used to the inorganic kerbside service and appear loath to change even though in two of the former councils there is either a booking system or no service provided at all.
The proposed options for inorganic collection in Auckland are summarised in the table bleow, bearing in mind the following key drivers for the council:
- reducing waste to landfill (and aiming forZero Waste)
- health and safety (for contractors and the public)
- ease of use for residents.
Current inorganic services inherited from the former councils (mix of annual and biennial kerbside services, an annual collection from within residents’ properties, drop-off points and no service) currently cost ratepayers $4.2 million annually.
The figures above are estimates only. Preparation of both the Waste Assessment and draft Waste Management and Minimisation Plan has relied on information from multiple sources including SWAP analyses from former councils, the Auckland Regional Council Waste Stocktake and Strategic Assessment 2009, permits, contracts, consents and annual reports. The accuracy of these sources is contingent on the best information available at the time and the degree of disclosure from the waste industry.
Financial analysis and modelling has relied on the best financial information available at the time of drafting this plan.
The proposed way forward with a rigorous analytical stepped process with continuous validation of data and peer review will mitigate the potential for
discrepancies/errors in further waste management.